For a full list of my publications and ongoing research, please see my CV.
Direct Democracy and Women’s Political Engagement
2019. Published at American Journal of Political Science Link
In this paper, I propose that the presence of direct democracy expands the gender equality in political participation. Leveraging a quasi-experiment in Sweden in the aftermath of the introduction of universal suffrage, I find that the gender gap in electoral participation was smaller in municipalities using direct democracy than in similarly-sized municipalities that only had representative institutions.
Economic Threats and Opposition to Gender Equality Policies: Evidence from a Survey Experiment in South Korea
Revise and Resubmit
(With Yesola Kweon)
Despite the increasing efforts to implement gender equality policies, many countries still encounter substantial popular opposition against these policies. We develop and test a theoretical framework linking men’s perceived status threat to their attitudes toward gender equality policies. First, we expect that men’s perceptions of status threat will trigger negative attitudes toward gender equality policies. Second, we expect that this status threat will have more profound effects among young men with a heightened degree of economic insecurity. To test these arguments, we fielded a survey experiment with a representative sample in South Korea. Our findings demonstrate the strong influence of status threats in the formation of negative attitudes toward legislative gender quotas among young men. This conclusion presents significant implications for the study of gender and politics and democratic representation. Further, this study informs policy makers of ways to mandate an inclusive policy without incurring social conflicts.
Women Leaders and Policy Compliance during a Public Health Crisis
2020. Published at Politics & Gender
(With Nichole Bauer and Yesola Kweon)
This paper investigates whether citizens are more willing to comply with strict policy recommendations about a public health issue when those recommendations are made by a female leader rather than a male leader. Using a survey experiment of American citizens, we compare individuals’ willingness to comply with policy along three dimensions: social distancing, face covering, and contact tracing. Our findings show that a leader’s gender has little impact on policy compliance in general during the pandemic. These findings carry important implications for successful crisis management as well as understanding how a crisis in a non-masculine issue context influences the effectiveness of a leader’s ability to implement measures to mitigate the crisis.
How Economic Integration Affects Party Issue Emphases.
2015. Published at Comparative Political Studies
(With Dalston Ward, Matthew Graham, and Margit Tavits) Link
In this article, we argue that integration into global markets constrains parties’ abilities to credibly differentiate themselves on economic issues. Given these constraints, and voters’ awareness of them, parties activate other non-economic issues along which to compete. Using data across 49 countries between 1961 and 2010, this study shows that increased economic integration is associated with increased emphasis on non-economic issues during election campaigns.